See The Funds' Investments section of the prospectus for further details regarding the underlying Harbor funds in which the Fund invests.
While the Fund gradually decreases its equity holdings and becomes increasingly conservative over time, the Fund's actual asset allocation also may be affected by a variety of factors, such as whether the underlying Harbor funds are accepting additional investments, whether a particular underlying Harbor fund is closed, merged or liquidated, or whether the Adviser launches a new underlying Harbor fund. The Investment Advisory Committee that oversees the Target Retirement Funds also may adjust the selection and weightings of the underlying Harbor funds in response to extraordinary market, economic or political conditions or for other reasons (including the launch or closure of underlying Harbor funds) determined by the Committee to be in the best interests of the Fund's shareholders. Accordingly, the Fund's actual asset allocation may differ from the current target asset allocation, at times significantly, over the course of the year. See the Asset Allocation Framework section of the prospectus for further details on the Fund's asset allocation.
The Fund's indirect stock holdings (approximately 69% of the Fund's assets) consist of a diversified mix of large-, mid- and small-cap U.S. stocks, as well as foreign stocks, including those of companies located in emerging market countries.
The Fund's indirect bond holdings (approximately 31% of the Fund's assets) are a diversified mix of short-, intermediate-, and long-term investment-grade, taxable U.S. government, U.S. agency, and corporate bonds; inflation-indexed bonds issued by the U.S. and non-U.S. governments, their agencies or instrumentalities, and corporations; below investment-grade, high-risk, corporate bonds (commonly referred to as "junk bonds"); mortgage- and asset-backed securities, all with maturities of more than one year; emerging markets debt; and derivative instruments that provide exposure to such securities.
Asset allocation risk: The selection of underlying Harbor funds and the allocation of Target Retirement Fund assets to those underlying Harbor funds may cause a Target Retirement Fund to underperform other funds with a similar investment objective, but a different asset allocation.
Selection risk: The risk that a Subadviser of one or more of a Target Retirement Fund's actively managed underlying funds is incorrect in its judgment about the attractiveness, value and potential appreciation of particular securities.
Market and issuer risk: Securities markets are volatile and can decline significantly in response to adverse market, economic, political, regulatory or other developments, which may lower the value of securities held by the Fund, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably. Additionally, an adverse event or adverse economic conditions may depress the value of a particular issuer's securities or may increase the risk that issuers will not generate sufficient cash flow to service their debt obligations.
With approximately 69% of its assets indirectly allocated to stocks as of the date of this prospectus, the Fund is primarily subject to certain risks associated with investing in stocks. Stocks fluctuate in price, and the value of your investment in a Target Retirement Fund may go down. This means that you could lose money on your investment in the Fund or the Fund may not perform as well as other possible investments. These fluctuations are a result of:
Growth style risk: Over time, a growth oriented investing style may go in and out of favor, which may cause the underlying equity growth funds in which a Target Retirement Fund invests to underperform other equity funds that use different investing styles.
Value style risk: Over time, a value oriented investing style may go in and out of favor, which may cause the underlying equity value funds in which a Target Retirement Fund invests to underperform other equity funds that use different investing styles.
Large cap risk: Large cap stocks may fall out of favor relative to small or mid cap stocks, which may cause an underlying fund to underperform other equity funds that focus on small or mid cap stocks.
Small to mid cap risk: Smaller companies may have limited product lines, markets and financial resources. They are usually less stable in price and less liquid than those of larger, more established companies. Small or mid cap stocks may also fall out of favor and underperform large cap stocks.
Because the Fund may invest in underlying Harbor funds that hold securities of foreign issuers, an investment in the Fund is subject to special risks in addition to those of U.S. securities. These risks include heightened political and economic risks, greater volatility, currency fluctuations, higher transaction costs, delayed settlement, possible foreign controls on investment, and less stringent investor protection and disclosure standards of foreign markets. Foreign securities are sometimes less liquid and harder to value than securities of U.S. issuers. The securities markets of many foreign countries are relatively small, with a limited number of companies representing a small number of industries. If foreign securities are denominated and traded in a foreign currency, the value of an underlying fund's foreign holdings can be affected by currency exchange rates and exchange control regulations. An underlying fund's investments in foreign securities may also be subject to foreign withholding taxes.
Global economies and financial markets are becoming increasingly interconnected, and conditions and events in one country, region or financial market may adversely impact issuers in a different country, region or financial market.
Emerging market risk: Foreign securities risks are more significant in emerging market countries. These countries may have relatively unstable governments and less-established market economies than developed countries. Emerging markets may face greater social, economic, regulatory and political uncertainties. These risks make emerging market securities more volatile and less liquid than securities issued in more developed countries.
With approximately 31% of its assets indirectly allocated to fixed income instruments as of the date of this prospectus, the Fund is also subject to the risks associated with investing in fixed income securities. Fixed income securities fluctuate in price in response to various factors, including changes in interest rates, changes in market conditions and issuer-specific events, and the value of your investment in a Target Retirement Fund may go down. This means that you could lose money on your investment in the Fund or the Fund may not perform as well as other possible investments. Principal risks include:
Interest rate risk: As interest rates rise, the values of fixed income securities are likely to decrease and reduce the value of an underlying fund's portfolio. Securities with longer durations tend to be more sensitive to changes in interest rates, and are usually more volatile than securities with shorter durations. For example, a 5 year average duration generally means the fixed income security will decrease in value by 5% if interest rates rise by 1%. Interest rates in the U.S. are near historic lows, which may increase an underlying fund's exposure to risks associated with rising rates. Additionally, rising interest rates may lead to increased redemptions, increased volatility and decreased liquidity in the fixed income markets, making it more difficult for the underlying Harbor fixed income funds in which the Fund invests to sell their fixed income holdings when the subadvisers to these underlying Harbor funds may wish to sell or must sell to meet redemptions.
Credit risk: The issuer of a security could default on its obligation to pay principal or interest or its credit rating could be downgraded. This risk may be higher for below investment-grade securities. Likewise, the counterparty to a derivative or other contractual instrument could default on its obligation.