Harbor High-Yield Opportunities Fund Institutional Class (HHYNX)

Investment Strategy

Under normal market conditions, the Fund invests at least 80% of its net assets, plus borrowings for investment purposes, in a diversified portfolio of below investment-grade, high-risk, corporate bonds that are rated below Baa3 by Moody's or below BBB- by S&P or Fitch, commonly referred to as "high yield" or "junk" bonds. The Fund expects to invest in approximately 150 to 200 issuers.

The Subadviser will generally, but not exclusively, draw from investment opportunities in developed economies in both North America and Europe; however, the Fund is limited to U.S. dollar denominated securities.

The Subadviser's approach includes both bottom-up and top-down elements. While the strategy is grounded in credit-intensive bottom-up research, the Subadviser's views on credit conditions and relative values will also impact Fund positioning.

The Subadviser seeks to exploit credit inefficiencies, such as mispriced or misrated securities, by utilizing a rigorous investment discipline based on a comprehensive bottom-up analysis of creditworthiness. The Subadviser's research process focuses on companies that the Subadviser believes offer attractive yields and possess the ability to service their debt obligations. Through the credit research process, the Subadviser seeks to identify those high-yield issuers that it believes exhibit more favorable credit characteristics, relative to other high-yield issuers, such as the following:

  • Predictable demand and stable cash flows
  • Competitive positions in well-defined market niches
  • Sustainable margins, profitability and growth
  • Strong financial and managerial controls
  • Proven management teams

The Subadviser tends to eliminate from consideration issuers operating in industries whose participants, in the Subadviser's view, possess a limited ability to maintain a competitive advantage because of low entry barriers or an excessive reliance on technological innovation for growing cash flow. The Subadviser's credit research also emphasizes downside risk protection, and incorporates a comprehensive assessment of bond covenant protections and the remedies available should an investment become impaired.

The Subadviser's approach to portfolio management also has a top-down, flexible and opportunistic element that seeks to take into account current and anticipated market conditions to guide the Fund's exposures. As a result, the Fund is not limited to set exposures to particular credit ratings categories. The Fund will typically hold credits that range from BBB to CCC ratings, and up to 10% in unrated securities. When credit spreads are at historically wide levels and credit default rates appear to be headed lower, the Subadviser may seek out opportunities to take on greater credit risk by emphasizing single-B securities and by taking tactical advantage of the potential for spread tightening in CCC-rated securities. In an environment of tight credit spreads and increasing default rates, the Subadviser may shift the rating allocation in favor of higher qualityBB-rated securities in an effort to help insulate the Fund from potential price volatility.

Duration/Maturity: Although duration may be one of the characteristics considered in security selection, the Fund does not focus on bonds with any particular duration or maturity and does not seek to maintain the maturity of the Fund's portfolio in any particular range.

Credit Quality: The Fund invests primarily in below investment-grade debt securities, commonly referred to as "high-yield" or "junk" bonds, but may invest up to 20% of its net assets in investment-grade securities, including U.S. Treasury and U.S. government agency securities. Therefore, the Fund's average weighted portfolio quality varies from time to time, depending on the level of assets allocated to such securities. The Subadviser does not seek to actively invest in defaulted securities.

Risk

Fixed income investments are affected by interest rate changes and the creditworthiness of the issues held by the Fund. As interest rates rise, the values of fixed income securities held by the Fund are likely to decrease and reduce the value of the Fund's portfolio. High yield investing poses additional credit risk related to lower-rated bonds.